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The 13th and 15th Century

From the 13th century A.D. the Buddhists and Hindus were swamped by the flood of Muslim conquerors and the tide of Islam up to 18th century.

From the 15th century, the Europeans, namely Portuguese, Dutch, French and British traders exerted an economic influence over the region. British political rule over the region began in 1757 A.D. In 1947 the subcontinent was partitioned into India and Pakistan. Present Bangladesh became the Eastern Wing of the then Pakistan.


The Language Movement
Bangladesh
The Language Movement of 1952 to recognize Bangla as a state language may be termed as the first step towards independence.

Political and economic deprivation of the Bengalees prompted Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation, to put forward in 1966 his historic six points, the "Magna Carta" which in effect structured the foundation forEast Pakistan's future independence.


The War of Liberation

In the 1970 elections, even though the Awami League emerged as the largest party in Pakistan Parliament, it was not allowed to form the government by the ruling military junta. In the backdrop of a non-cooperation movement launched against the military regime by Awami League.

Bangabandhu declared at a historic public meeting held at Ramna Race Course (renamed Suhrawardy Uddyan) on 7 March, 1971, attended by around 2 million people, "The struggle this tune is the struggle for freedom, the struggle this tune is the struggle for independence." It was a defacto declaration of independence.

Thus in a preplanned manner on 25th March 1971. The Pakistan army embarked on what may be termed as history's worst genocide. A military crackdown was ordered, and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib was arrested and taken away toWest Pakistan. But just before he was arrested he sent out a call for the liberation war to begin. Our freedom fighters are gallantly fighting with the enemies to free the motherland.

Independence

After nine months of war, the Pakistani occupation forces surrendered in Dhaka on 16th December. 1971 after killing an estimated three million people.

Bangladesh-Fast Information

Official Name : The People's Republic of Bangladesh

Geographical Location : Latitude between 20o34' and 26o38' North.  Longitude between 88o01' and 92o41' East

Area : 147,570 sq. km.

Boundaries : North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya), West - India (West Bengal) East - India (Tripura andAssam) and Myanmar, South-Bay of Bengal.

Capital City : Dhaka

Other Major Cities : Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur

Standard Time : GMT +6 Hours

Climate Variation : Winter 11o C - 20o C (October - February).  Summer 21o C - 38o C (March - September)

Rainfall : 1100 mm to 3400mm (June - August)

Humidity : Highest 99% (July).  Lowest 36% (December & January)

Population : 145 million

Literacy Rate : 60%

Language : Bangla (national language). Spoken by 95%, other dialects 5%, English is widely understood and spoken.

Principal Crops : Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.

Principal Rivers : Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.

Principal Industries : Garments, Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute, Textiles, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.

Principal Exports : Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics etc.

Principal Imports : Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.

Electricity : 220 Volts AC in all cities and towns

Currency : Taka, having 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and 5,2,1 in coins. Exchange Rate : US$ 1 = Taka 68.00

Religion : Muslims - 86.6%, Hindus - 12.1%, Buddhists - 0.6%, Christians 0.4% and others 0.3%.

Government : Parliamentary form of Government President is the head of the state while the government elected by the people is headed by the Prime Minster.

Business Hours : Government Office Hours: 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Sunday-Thursday, Friday & Saturday closed. Some Private business houses work on Saturday.

Best Tourist Season : October to March.

Bogra Air Travels

The Unique heritage of Bangladesh

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